Tuesday, August 6, 2013

St. Dominic, Friar, Presbyter

St, Dominic (1175-6 August 1221), Presbyer, Friar*

            St. Dominic, like St. Ignatius of Loyola was born in Spain, in what was then the Kingdom of Castille.  Little or nothing is known of his family.  He was educated in Palencia, and when suffering famine in 1191 Dominic sold many of his possessions to help feed the poor.  In 1193 he joined the Canons Regular in Osma.  In 1215, he established a monastery with six followers in Toulouse, and was given permission by the bishop to preach throughout the district.  In 1216 and 1217 he was given permission by the Pope to establish the Order of Preachers (O.P.)  By 1220 he and his friars were established in the Basilica  of San Sisto Vecchio, although Dominic himself spent little time there, being occupied with preaching all over Europe.  He later moved to Bologna, and working to the end died there as well.
            He didn’t eat meat, he observed the churches fasts and took the meanest chambers for himself. He resisted efforts to be made bishop, and continued with his vision to form a religious order to combat heresy through teaching, and to propagate religious truth.   On his deathbed he exhorted his followers to practice charity, guard humility and make poverty their treasure. 
            He founded the Dominican nuns to protect women from the heresy of the Albigenses and to educate women in general. 

Lord, you raised up your servant Dominic to preach and encourage others to teach the true faith.  Help us and all your church seek always the truth, which is Yeshuah haMoshiach, who lives and reigns with you and Ruach haKodesh, one God in glory everlasting.  Amen.  (white)

*As we celebrate the Transfiguration on the last Sunday before Lent, we now celebrate St. Dominic on the actual date of his death.

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